Tag Archives: Painting

Irby Heath, time and time again…

I loved painting the fields of Irby. They are old fields, and I have a deep attachment to them. They have names like Meckansedge and Old Smores. They are the space between my home village of Greasby, and the village where my grandmother lived in a road called Heathbank Avenue, on the edge of the heath. One of my earliest memories is jumping off the Crosville bus on Mill Lane and breaking from my mother, I ran into the wheat with a boy from the playgroup called Mathew Whitham… it was 1986. These were the same fields in which I cut my teeth as a painter.

These are the fields that lie on the edge of suburban Irby, to the north of the current centre of the village. They sit between two ancient highways and are spilt down the middle by Mill Lane – Sandy Lane is to the west and Limbo Lane to the east. Limbo Lane is supposed to be part of the Roman road linking Chester with the then sea port at Meols. Sandy Lane is even older, linking the farming communities of Thurstaston with Greasby.

A sketch on the heath, 2008.

It was here in the 1980s that a series of suburban gardens to the west of Mill Lane became the focus of a study which revealed them to be an archaeological site with a long history of human settlement.

In the early 1980s curators at Liverpool Museum were shown a near complete Roman pot which had been discovered in said garden during a ‘Dig for Victory’ campaign during the second world war and been kept in a powdered milk tin for the past 40 years. Whilst I was hoping on and off of buses and gleefully running through the summer wheat on one side of the road, on the other side a site was dug out by archaeologists from National Galleries & Museums on Merseyside and between 1987 and 1996 they found evidence of a long sequence of occupation from Mesolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Romano-British, early medieval and later medieval periods.

Irby had previously produced evidence of Romano-British activity after broaches and coins had been found in the area and in neighbouring villages. More Roman shards had been discovered in the same field to the north of the excavated site in November 1988 and a group of about 10 4th-century Roman coins were found buried together in the field boundary sometime later.

Close to Sandy Lane, 23rd July 2010

This is to the west of the site in the same field, known as Smoores. Sandy Lane, the old road from Thurstaston to Greasby sits behind the trees here. This was a glorious day, 23rd July 2010. I painted two oil sketches, this being the second, before retiring to the Irby Mill pub for a well-earned pint.



No Irby Mill in those days, but the site lies near the top of one of several sandstone ridges that cut along the Wirral Peninsular and on the slopes of the ridge the soil drains well and would have been easy to cultivate as well as to erect building structures in. The chance to exploit the local sandstone and other minerals would also have been a factor in the choice of location and may be one reason for the longevity of the occupation.

Time and time again…

Most of these paintings were done on a piece of the heath that sits alongside Limbo Lane to the east of the site. The field seemed to have been neglected and being uncultivated had a peace about it. The light was fantastic and it was a wide expanse in which to catch some great skyscapes and sunsets. It this quiet corner of Wirral the presence of the past is strong and I always try to lock into that ‘haven’t we been here before’ feeling and attempt to bridge the divide with those people lost in the mists of time that farmed the earth and made this land their home millennia ago.

Along with my personal affection for the area, these paintings were in some small way an effort to convey a sense of peace and continuity in these unassuming but as it turns out, very important group of fields.

Anyone interested in learning more about the Irby settlement can find it here http://www.archaeologyuk.org/cbanw/CBANW_ANW_1998_64-73.pdf

On the trail of Constable at Hampstead… Part 1

Judges Walk - 31st October 1821 (2) - Copy

Having spent many years pouring over John Contable’s work, in particular his Hampstead era landscapes and oil sketches – some of which I consider to be his finest works – last weekend I took the opportunity to explore his old stomping ground in North London.

Some background…

Despite the fact that Constable will forever be associated with Suffolk, that area of the county now labelled ‘Constable Country’, the artist spent a large proportion of his professional years based in London.

Like most professional artists of his time, Constable needed a base in London to negotiate with prospective buyers. After his marriage in 1816, he established a home at 76 Charlotte Street, Bloomsbury (now demolished), and then every summer from 1819 to 1826 rented a house at Hampstead for his family. During these periods he would let out part of the Charlotte Street property and would later remark that he was ‘three miles’ door to door – can have a message in an hour – and can always get away from idle callers – and above all see nature and unite town and country life’.

Hampstead Village was at that time part of Middlesex, outside the city. Constable originally arranged these summer migrations to improve the health of his wife and children, but he soon found plenty of subjects to paint. The family moved there more permanently in 1827. This first blog post deals with the area the west of the village centre, and West Heath.

Lower Terrace Number 2 Lower Terrace is the house the family stayed at in the summers of 1821 and 1822. The road is close to the centre of the village, and overlooks West Heath.

'Lower Terrace, Hampstead' c. 1821 -2.

‘Lower Terrace, Hampstead’ c. 1821 -2. Board of Trustees of the Victoria & Albert Museum.

I remember this painting appeared in one of the first Constable books I owned, ‘The Essential Constable’, which included a broad mix of works not always featured it more serious study’s of the artist – some of which had dubious attribution as I recall – but it also included some of the paintings that I would grow to love.

Note that the left hand edge of the painting is unfinished, and has been folded back at some point.


Lower Terrace as it is today.

Two views of Lower Terrace as it appears today.



Judges Walk After moving out to Hampstead, Constable renewed his practice of oil sketching and many of his famous ‘Sky studies’ were done at this time. Behind Lower Terrace is ‘Judges Walk’, then known as ‘Prospect Walk’. From here views towards Harrow could be obtained and Constable painted many scenes looking west from this elevated position.  The two intense and vibrent evening scenes below are thought to have both been painted on 31st October 1821. Both feature figures enjoying the view, the second of which may even be the Constable family themselves. The artist wrote to his friend John Fisher on 3rd November:

‘The last day of Octr was lovely so much so that I could not paint for looking – my wife was walking with me all the middle of the day on the beautiful heath. I made two evening effects’.

Judge's Walk, Hampstead, Oil On Paper Laid On Canvas, c. 1821 - 22.

Judge’s Walk, Hampstead, Oil on Paper Laid on Canvas, 1821.

Hampstead Heath, Looking towards Harrow 1821

Hampstead Heath, Looking towards Harrow 1821. Oil on paper laid on Canvas. Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.

Judges Walk, 2016

Branch Hill Pond Judges Walk looks out over Branch Hill Pond, which featured in many of Constable’s standard Hampstead compositions as well as oil sketches.

Branch Hill Pond, Hampstead, 1819. Board of Trustees of the Victoria & Albert Museum.

Branch Hill Pond, Hampstead, 1819. Board of Trustees of the Victoria & Albert Museum.

This is his first known dated oil of a Hampstead subject, painted on canvas at the end of October 1819. Constable would go on to repeat variations of this view until 1836 (‘Hampstead Heath with a Rainbow’ in the Tate collection).

This painting includes some brilliant impasto work dispatched with the palette knife.



Branch Hill Pond, July 2016.

Difficult to obtain the exact view, and probably taken from a slightly different angle to the right, but this shows the hollow where Branch Hill Pond once sat, looking west towards Harrow. The house to the left through the trees, The Chestnuts, on Branch Hill was once lived in by the American singer and actor Paul Robeson during the late 1920s.

The Grove With a flat roof resembling the quarter deck of a man-of-war, the house called ‘The Grove’ was occupied in the early nineteenth century by a former lieutenant of the navy, Fountain North. North had had the house altered, and is said to have fired cannon on special occasions.


‘A Romantic House at Hampstead’ (The Grove), 1832. National Gallery Berlin.

Constable made several views of this property from different angles. The painting here shows the house as seen from Lower Terrace, almost across the road from number 2. The house is little altered and the same view can be obtained today. It is sometimes referred to as ‘Admiral’s House’ having been renamed that in 1917, in the mistaken belief that Admiral Mathew Barton had lived there. The painting was known as the ‘Romantic House’ amongst Constable’s children.

The Grove, as seen from Lower Terrace.

‘The Grove’, as seen from Lower Terrace today.